Government submits bill to oversee pacts with China; students reject it (2014/04/03)

The student protest over the trade-in-services pact Taiwan signed with China is now in its 17th day. One of the demands of the students occupying the Legislative Yuan is that an oversight mechanism for pacts with China be created. The government submitted a proposed mechanism Thursday that it says would increase transparency in the process and get more people involved. But the students rejected it out of hand. 

The Cabinet has proposed its own version of a bill on overseeing agreements with China in response to the students.

Sun Li-chyun
Government Spokesman
First there’s a mechanism to communicate information in four stages to the Legislature and the public: as the pact is being shaped, as it’s being negotiated, before it’s signed and after it’s signed. The other point is a national security review mechanism that brings together national security agencies. Every pact must pass a national security review before being signed.

Here is a comparison of the government’s proposed bill and what the students want.
Before a deal is signed, the students want a civic supervision mechanism, while the government stresses communication.
The students want the Legislature to be able to change the content of any pact, which would not be allowed under the government version.
And on any bill involving Taiwan’s sovereignty, the students want it to be put to a referendum, while the government prefers reviews by the Cabinet and the National Security Council.

Wang Yu-chi
Mainland Affairs Council Chairman
The students’ version would mix up executive and legislative authority, so the Cabinet version’s design hopes to echo current opinion on the process of negotiating cross-strait agreements, which would make things more transparent, and allow for more legislative supervision and public participation.

The leaders of the student movement did not accept the proposal, saying the government’s version did not meet five principles they demanded, including public participation and legislative oversight.

政院今出招

太陽花學運進入第17天,為了回應兩岸協議監督機制法制化呼聲,行政院今天提出政院版的兩岸協議監督條例草案,包括四階段監督及安全審查機制,但學運領袖強調包括加強國會和公眾監督的機制都沒有達到要求,無法接受這樣的版本。

行政院拋出政院版兩岸協議監督條例草案,回應學生訴求。

[[行政院發言人 孫立群]]
“第一個是對外溝通諮詢機制,就協議形成、業務溝通、簽署前及簽署後等,四個不同階段,分別對國會及社會大眾,來做確實的溝通。另外一個呢,就是所謂的國家安全審查機制,結合國安相關單位,每一個協議在簽署前,務必先經過國安審查”

拿出政院版與民間版的兩岸協議監督機制條例草案比一比:
協議簽署前,民間版要求納入公民監督機制,而政院版僅強調溝通。
協議內容部分,民間版要求立法院可以修,但政院版不能。
至於涉及主權議題,民間版要求交付公民投票,政院版則是透過行政院跨部會、和國安會議兩階段審查。

[[陸委會主委 王郁琦]]
“民間版在設計上,會產生行政權跟立法權混淆的情況,所以行政院版在設計的時候,就希望說,一方面呼應這個現在輿論上對於兩岸協議的協商過程,應該要更加公開透明,應該有更多國會的監督,應該有更多的公眾參與”

不過學運領袖則不買帳,認為政院版的監督機制不符合民間要求的包括公民能參與、國會要監督等五大原則。

 

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