Psychologists: A Look into the Mind  揭開心理學家的神秘面紗

 

精英翻譯社轉自https://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0058/248527/web/

 

The mind works in mysterious ways. It is responsible for our thoughts, feelings, and actions, but it can't be seen or touched. Because of this, a psychologist's job can be challenging. He or she must try to understand an object as complex as the mind.

頭腦的運作方式很神秘。它掌管我們的思想、感覺和行為,但卻看不到也摸不到。因此,心理學家的工作會很有挑戰性。他或她必須試圖了解像頭腦這麼複雜的東西。

 

To begin with, psychology includes many branches and areas. Clinical psychologists work with people suffering from mental and emotional disorders. Cognitive psychologists study mental processes, such as memory and problem-solving, and their goal might be to improve memory or decision-making skills. Many psychologists work in specialized fields. For example, sports psychologists may focus on how the mind influences a runner's speed, and occupational psychologists might look for ways to increase workers' effectiveness at the workplace.

首先,心理學包含許多分支和範圍。臨床心理學家幫助遭受心理及情緒失調所苦的人。認知心理學家研究記憶和解決問題這類的心理過程,他們的目的可能是增進記憶力或做決定的能力。許多心理學家鑽研專門領域。例如運動心理學家可能會聚焦於心理如何影響跑者的速度,而職涯心理學家也許會尋求方法來提升員工在職場的效率。

 

No matter what their specializations are, all psychologists take a scientific approach to their studies. This may include doing interviews, testing theories, and interpreting data to find a cause-and-effect relationship between behavior and the mind's workings. The scientific approach is what separates the psychologist's findings from the regular opinions that any one of us might have about a person's behavior.

無論他們專業範圍是什麼,所有心理學家都會採用科學方法來做研究。這或許包含面談、測試理論和詮釋資料以找出行為和頭腦運作之間的因果關係。心理學家的研究結果和我們任何人對一個人行為的一般看法的區別就在於科學方法。

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