Soccer: The Beautiful Game 足球:美麗的運動

James Baron

 

精英翻譯社轉自https://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0058/327832/web/

 

Soccer—a game where players kick a round ball toward a goal—is the world's most popular sport. Before we discuss the game's long history, let's first examine the long history of confusion over its name.

足球(一種球員把一顆圓形的球踢向球門的運動)是全世界最熱門的運動。在我們討論這個運動的悠久歷史之前,先來檢視長久以來對其名稱的混淆。

 

The word "soccer" is widely used today in North America. While this term is no longer used in Britain, it was actually coined there in the 19th century as an abbreviation of "association football." Nowadays, the game is known as "football" to much of the world. But in North America, "football" refers to a sport in which players aim to move an oval ball to an end zone—using their hands.

soccer這個字今天廣泛用於北美地區。儘管這個用語在英國已經不再使用,但其實是十九世紀時在英國創造出來的,作為「聯盟足球」(association football)的簡稱。如今,這種運動在世界許多地方稱之為football。但在北美,football指的是一種球員用手把一顆橢圓形的球送進達陣區的運動(編注:此種運動亦稱為American football美式足球)。

 

Ball-kicking games that came before modern soccer go back hundreds of years. The ancient Chinese played a game known as cuju, which, like soccer, involved scoring goals without the use of one's hands. This game became so popular that a professional league was eventually established in the 10th century.

在現代足球之前的踢球運動可追溯到數百年前。古代的中國人會進行一種叫作「蹴鞠」的運動,這種運動就像足球一樣需要在不用手的情況下進球得分。這種運動後來變得很受歡迎,於是在十世紀時成立了一個職業聯盟。

 

In the late 16th century, a game was played by North American Eskimos in which two teams stood across from each other in parallel lines. The idea was to kick a ball between the other team's players toward a goal. This game may have influenced English explorers, who were invited to play with the native people.

十六世紀末,北美洲的愛斯基摩人會進行一種比賽,兩隊面對彼此站成平行線。目的是把一顆球踢過另一隊的球員進入球門。這項運動也許影響了英國探險家,他們受邀和當地人一起踢球。

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