Real-Life Super Children 得天獨厚的小神童們

 

精英翻譯社轉自http://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0062/239347/web/

 

We all have talents, skills, and things we are especially good at doing. However, some youngsters have developed amazing abilities that average people just can't compare withChild prodigies are able to understand and do difficult tasks at an adult level, even though they are much younger. One example is Mozart, who started composing his own music when he was only five years old. Most children at his age are only learning the basics of playing the piano.

我們都具有某些天份、技能,以及我們特別擅長做的事情。不過,有些人年紀輕輕就發展出一般人所比不上的驚人能力。神童們雖然年紀小得多,但卻能以成人的程度去理解並執行困難的任務。其中一例即為年僅五歲就開始作曲的莫札特。大部分他那個年齡的孩童都還只是在學習彈鋼琴的基礎而已。

 

One reason child prodigies are able to learn so well is because of their memory. They use long-term memory more often, which keeps information in their minds for a longer duration. By doing this, they learn how things are connected better and build knowledge on top of knowledge. It has also been found that the strong emotions they have for the things they love excite the cerebellum. This makes it easy for information to come in rapidly and be storedquickly.

這些神童之所以學習能力這麼強,其中一個原因就是他們的記憶力。他們較常使用能讓資料停留在腦中較久時間的長期記憶。藉由如此,他們學會如何讓各種事物能更加地連結在一起,並能在既有的知識上累積更多知識。研究還發現他們對於喜愛事物的強烈情感會刺激小腦。這使得資訊能很容易地快速進入腦中並立刻儲存。

 

It has always been questioned whether these children are naturally born geniuses or if it is because of their environment. The answer is both. Some child prodigies learn all on their own, while others are pushed and trained from a young age. 

一直有人懷疑這些神童到底是天生的天才,還是他們的環境所造就。答案是兩者皆是。有些神童全靠自己學習,而其他則是很小就被人鞭策學習和訓練。

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