精英翻譯社轉自http://paper.udn.com/udnpaper/POH0062/192975/web/

 

Many everyday items and activities have gotten new names. This is not an official decision by any means. It just happens over time as the inventors' names become interchangeable with their products. These names are also almost always used as nouns. An example of how a name became equal to a noun is the Heimlich maneuver1. Today, we know this as a way to save someone from choking to death. Henry Heimlich, the doctor who invented this life-saving procedure, is now much more well-known because his name is a noun.

許多日常生活中的物品和活動都有了新的名字。這絕對不是任何來自政府的官方決定所致。這單純是由於發明者的名字會隨著時間演進而慢慢變得跟他們所發明的產品通用。這些名字也幾乎總是被當成名詞來使用。當中一個姓名變得可以與名詞劃上等號的例子就是哈姆立克急救法。如今,我們知道這是一種能夠避免人們噎死的施救術。亨利‧哈姆立克醫生發明了這套救命程序,正由於他的名字成了一個名詞,而使他現在變得更加出名。

  Another famous noun in history came from Alfred Bernhard Nobel. He was the Swedish chemist2 that invented dynamite3. He made a great deal of money with his invention, but he left it all for the creation of the Nobel Prize. This award is given to recognize cultural and scientific advances. Today, winning the Nobel Prize is a huge honor.

  歷史上另一個著名的名詞來自於阿爾弗雷德‧伯恩哈德‧諾貝爾。他是一位發明了代拿邁炸藥的瑞典化學家。他靠著自己的發明賺進了巨額財富,不過他卻將所有錢都拿來用於創設諾貝爾獎上。這個獎項頒發的目的是要表揚文化及科學上的各項進步。在今日,贏得諾貝爾獎可是莫大的光榮。

  The next name to become a noun can be seen on many city streets. Enzo Ferrari's cars started bearing his name after World War II. Today, there are few people in the world that would turn down the opportunity to drive a Ferrari.

   下一個成為名詞的姓名在許多城市的街道上都可以看到。恩佐‧法拉利的汽車是於第二次世界大戰後開始冠上他的姓名的。時至今日,世上沒有幾個人能拒絕得了駕駛一台法拉利跑車的機會。

   Additionally, we can thank the Jacuzzi brothers for the whirlpool4 bath. The world would be a lot hairier without King Camp Gillette's safety razor5. Let's not forget the famous graham cracker6. Crunchy7 and delicious, this sweet cracker was invented by Reverend8 Sylvester Graham, who promoted it as a health food.

  除此之外,我們還可以感謝Jacuzzi兄弟,因為他們發明了這種漩渦式噴水的按摩浴缸。而要是沒有King Camp Gillette這個人的安全刮鬍刀,這世界就會變得更加毛髮叢生(編按:Gillette就是著名的『吉列』)。我們可別忘了十分有名的graham餅乾(編按:此為在美國地區極為常見的一種全麥餅乾)。這種香脆可口、滋味甜美的餅乾是由Sylvester Graham牧師所發明的,而且他還把它當成是一種健康食品來推銷呢。

 

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